When you close on a house, you shut a mortgage, unless you’re wealthy enough to pay money. Along with the interest you’ll pay the creditor, there are numerous fees you’ll need to pay, too. These fees often run into tens of thousands of dollars, so it pays to consider the size of this fee as well as the interest rate when you go mortgage shopping.
The standard fees creditors ask for, according to the Federal Reserve, include an application fee; an origination fee; property appraisal and inspection fees; prepaid interest for the month where you close; mortgage and hazard insurance premiums; and points, a one-time charge you pay to get a lower interest rate. In the event the Federal Housing Administration, Veterans Administration or Rural Housing Service are guaranteeing or insuring your loan, then you’ll also need to pay the service a fee.
Some fees cover like paying for a credit score, the lender’s administrative costs for processing your loan. Others are supposed to protect the lender’s investment: The appraisal and home inspection tell them that the house is well worth the amount of money that they’re committing you and that it is in good condition. Likewise, mortgage insurance will pay them back in the event that you default on your loan; danger insurance pays for repairs when the house is damaged.
The median cost of a program fee, for example a credit report, is $365 as of 2010, the Federal Reserve says; a loan origination fee, $2,734 using a 5% down payment; points vary up to 3 percent of the loan size; the median appraisal fee is $292; median review fees are $300 to $500. Prepaid insurance and interest premiums will fluctuate with the magnitude of additional factors and your loan.
Federal Truth in Lending laws require lenders to interpret the cost of the loan, such as their fees and the entire interest, into a single fund charge to make it easier for you to compare lenders’ offers. Lenders must also present you with an yearly Percentage Rate which communicates the actual interest–even using a varying rate–and the fees as a single interest rate over the life span of this loan.
While looking for a creditor, find out about the fees, not only the rates of interest, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation advocates. Use the finance charge and yearly Percentage Rate to compare loans from different lenders and see which works out best. Do not be afraid to negotiate: Your lender may be willing to reduce some of the fees, or permit you to fund them together with your mortgage.